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Introducing the Overall Project
Initiated by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) in 2015, the project on "Sustainable Development Goals, Targets and Indicators” focuses on the indicators for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the interlinkages between SDG targets. The project identifies the interlinkages between SDG targets based on the knowledge obtained from relevant international consultation processes on SDG indicators and literature review. Indicators with trackable data are identified for SDG targets based on 100 Global Monitoring Indicators proposed by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and various data sources. The identified interlinkages are further quantified for nine Asian countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Philippines and Viet Nam) based on the correlation analysis of the time series data for the indicators. Using Social Network Analysis, the structure of the network of the interlinkages can be analysed which helps identify the SDG targets which play strategic roles in connecting other targets from a systemic perspective. The web tool, SDG Interlinkages and Data Visualisation, enables users to visualise the interlinkages, explore indicator-level data and compare SDG targets and among countries. This project is supposed to support national SDG monitoring system and policy integration across 17 SDG areas.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets interact with each other in an indivisible way. Achieving one goal or target may contribute to achieving other goals or targets. For example, enhanced food security (Goal 2) will reinforce poverty eradication (Goal 1). The pursuit of one target may conflict with the achievement of another. For example, an increase in agricultural production to help end hunger (Goal 2) can result in an increase in water use which may compete with water demand for achieving universal access to drinking water (Goal 6). The SDGs and targets form a complicated network of interlinkages. Analysing the interlinkages can help minimise conflicts, avoid trade-offs and seek synergies for making achievements inclusively across all 17 SDG areas (see more on Methodology). The web tool, SDG Interlinkages and Data Visualisation, enables users to visualise the interlinkages between SDG targets and explore indicator-level data for nine Asian countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Philippines and Viet Nam). Users can make selection of countries, SDG targets and associated indicators to see the interlinkages between selected targets and others, and explore time series data for selected indicators. In addition, the web tool enables users to compare indicator-specific data and target-specific interlinkages among countries. Provided for free, users can download the data in Excel tables as well as the visualisation charts in image files.
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